Which File Types & Programs are Compatible with Metaverse Games

When designing and developing for metaverse games and projects, it’s important to know which file types are compatible with the underlying platform and technology. It comes down to the following types of metaverse platforms, Unity and Unreal Engine. Both platforms have support for 2D and 3D file types and a variety of multimedia formats.

3D file formats supported in Unity-based Metaverse projects: 

  • 3DS
  • 3D
  • 3MF
  • AC
  • AC3D
  • ACC
  • AMF
  • AMJ
  • ASE
  • ASK
  • B3D
  • BLEND
  • BVH
  • COB
  • DAE/Collada
  • DXF
  • ENFF
  • FBX (FBX SDK 2012 fully supported, later versions are partially supported)
  • glTF 1.0 + GLB glTF 2.0 
  • IFC-STEP IRR / IRRMESH
  • LWO
  • LWS
  • LXO
  • MD2
  • MD3
  • MD5
  • MDC
  • MDL
  • MESH / MESH.XML
  • MOT
  • MS3D
  • NDO
  • NFF
  • OBJ
  • OFF
  • OGEX
  • PLY
  • PMX
  • PRJ
  • Q3O
  • Q3S RAW
  • SCN
  • SIB
  • SMD
  • STL
  • TER
  • UC
  • VTA
  • X
  • X3D
  • XGL
  • ZGL 

2D file formats supported in Unity-Based Metaverse Projects:

  • JPG Baseline & progressive (12 bpc/arithmetic not supported)
  • PNG
  • TGA
  • BMP Non-1bpp, non-RLE
  • PSD Composited view only, no extra channels, 8/16 bit-per-channel
  • GIF
  • HDR PIC
  • PNM
  • PPM and PGM 9 1

The above file formats are subject to change and dependent on Unity the company. It’s unlikely they will make any major changes like that for compatibility reasons.

3D File Formats in Unreal Engine-based Metaverse Projects:

  • FBX (CSB not supported)
  • SAT
  • 3DREP
  • 3DXML
  • UDATASMITH
  • WIRE
  • IAM
  • IPT
  • CATPART
  • CATPRODUCT
  • CGR
  • SLDASM
  • SLDPRT
  • IFC
  • IGES
  • IGS
  • JT
  • C4D
  • X_T
  • ASM
  • CREO
  • NEU
  • PRT
  • PLMXML
  • XML
  • STEP
  • STP

2D File Formats in Unreal Engine-based Metaverse Projects:

  • BMP
  • FLOAT
  • PCX
  • PNG
  • PSD
  • TGA
  • JPG
  • EXR

The above file formats are subject to change and dependent on Unreal the company. It’s unlikely they will make any major changes like that for compatibility reasons.

Popular Programs to Create & Edit Files for the Metaverse

The following computer programs/applications are used for editing or creating the above 2D or 3D file formats:

  • Blender
  • Autocad
  • Tinkercad
  • Meshmixer
  • Meshlab
  • 3D Slash
  • SculptGL
  • BRL-CAD
  • DesignSpark Mechanical
  • Sketchup
  • FreeCAD
  • Wings3D
  • Fusion 360
  • Mol 3D
  • Rhino3D
  • Modo
  • Cinema 4D
  • Maya
  • 3DS Max
  • OnShape
  • Sculptris
  • SelfCAD
  • Morphi
  • Leopoly
  • Clara.io
  • Vectary
  • Illustrator
  • Photoshop
  • GIMP
  • Substance
  • Dimension
  • ZBrush
  • Lightwave 3D
  • CATIA
  • SOLIDWORKS
  • OpenSCAD

This list is by no means complete as new programs and solutions are developed quickly, but we hope this brings you some options to research when creating or building a metaverse. 

We can’t wait to see what you build!